Catalunya, One Nation, Two States Book

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Catalunya, One Nation, Two States

By A. Alland
  • Writer : A. Alland
  • Isbn : 0230603173
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Number of Pages : 209
  • Category : Science
  • Review Counts : 556
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : catalunya-one-nation-two-states.pdf

Summaries of Book :

This book deals with the culture of Catalan resistance to assimilation, through the maintenance of the Catalan language as an expression of identity. This book argues that the Catalans also developed a series of cultural mechanisms to foster identity through intellectual and recreational pursuits, as well as through an emphasis on language.

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Automata Studies. (AM-34), Volume 34

By C. E. Shannon,J. McCarthy
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Isbn Code : 1400882613
  • Number of Pages : 285
  • Category : Computers
  • Reviews : 620
  • Pdf File: automata-studies.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The description for this book, Automata Studies. (AM-34), Volume 34, will be forthcoming.

Strangeness Nuclear Physics - Proceedings Of The Apctp Workshop (Snp '99)

By Il-t Cheon,Toshio Motoba,Hong Seung-woo
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814492752
  • Number of Pages : 460
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 622
  • Pdf File: strangeness-nuclear-physics-proceedings-of-the-apctp-workshop.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The unique role of strangeness in nuclear physics has recently attracted much attention, from both the theoretical and experimental viewpoints. This is due not only to the broad spectrum of possible hadron many-body systems with strangeness, but also to the fact that strangeness gives us an opportunity to study fundamental baryon-baryon interactions in a new perspective. Our knowledge of this subject has widened as the scope of hypernuclear experiments has expanded from strangeness exchange and the associated production reactions to hypernuclear weak decays, β decays, cascade hypernuclei, double-Λ events, electroproduction of strangeness, etc. This trend will be accelerated by the full operation of new laboratories such as TJLab, COSY, DAΦNE, JHF, MAMI, and others. Various aspects of those important and exciting topics are discussed in this book in order to get a perspective of this fast developing area of nuclear physics.

Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds

By Isaac B. Bersuker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Isbn Code : 0470920858
  • Number of Pages : 759
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 512
  • Pdf File: electronic-structure-and-properties-of-transition-metal-compounds.pdf

Book Excerpt:

With more than 40% new and revised materials, this second edition offers researchers and students in the field a comprehensive understanding of fundamental molecular properties amidst cutting-edge applications. Including ~70 Example-Boxes and summary notes, questions, exercises, problem sets, and illustrations in each chapter, this publication is also suitable for use as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Novel material is introduced in description of multi-orbital chemical bonding, spectroscopic and magnetic properties, methods of electronic structure calculation, and quantum-classical modeling for organometallic and metallobiochemical systems. This is an excellent reference for chemists, researchers and teachers, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in inorganic, coordination, and organometallic chemistry.

Modern Electronic Structure Theory

By D R Yarkony
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814504440
  • Number of Pages : 1552
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 954
  • Pdf File: modern-electronic-structure-theory.pdf

Book Excerpt:

0Keywords:“This treatise is a pedogogically oriented collection of 22 chapters chosen to comprehensively present the quantum mechanics of electronic phenomena in molecules. It is an excellent effort to match increases in the physical understanding of chemistry with the astonishing advances in digital computer power and accessibility … The two-volume set is a necessary addition to chemistry libraries or research group holdings.”J. Am. Chem. Soc.

Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science

By Zdeněk Kotásek,Jan Bouda,Ivana Cerná,Lukas Sekanina,Tomas Vojnar,David Antoš
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 3642259294
  • Number of Pages : 215
  • Category : Computers
  • Reviews : 843
  • Pdf File: mathematical-and-engineering-methods-in-computer-science.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This volume constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 7th International Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science, MEMICS 2011, held in Lednice, Czech Republic, on October 14-16, 2011. The 13 revised full papers presented together with 6 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. The papers address all current issues of mathematical and engineering methods in computer science, especially: software and hardware dependability, computer security, computer-aided analysis and verification, testing and diagnostics, simulation, parallel and distributed computing, grid computing, computer networks, modern hardware and its design, non-traditional computing architectures, software engineering, computational intelligence, quantum information processing, computer graphics and multimedia, signal, text, speech, and image processing, and theoretical computer science.

Laser Spectroscopy and Photochemistry on Metal Surfaces

By H-L Dai,W Ho
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814502081
  • Number of Pages : 1464
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 525
  • Pdf File: laser-spectroscopy-and-photochemistry-on-metal-surfaces.pdf

Book Excerpt:

0Keywords:Surface Photochemistry;Photochemistry;Laser Spectroscopy;Surface Spectroscopy;Photodesorption;Surface Dynamics;Surface Femtochemistry;Surface Nonlinear Optics;Surface Analysis;Metal Surfaces

Ambient Intelligence

By Panos Markopoulos,Berry Eggen,Emile Aarts,James L. Crowley
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 3540304738
  • Number of Pages : 389
  • Category : Computers
  • Reviews : 766
  • Pdf File: ambient-intelligence.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This volume of the LNCS is the formal proceedings of the 2nd European Symposium on Ambient Intelligence, EUSAI 2004. This event was held on November 8–10, 2004 at the Eindhoven University of Technology, in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. EUSAI 2004 followed a successful first event in 2003, organized by Philips Research. This turned out to be a timely initiative that created a forum for bringing together European researchers, working on different disciplines all contributing towards the human-centric technological vision of ambient intelligence. Compared to conferences working on similar and overlapping fields, the first EUSAI was characterized by a strong industrial focus reflected in the program committee and the content of the program. As program chairs of EUSAI 2004 we tried to preserve the character for this event and its combined focus on the four major thematic areas: ubiquitous computing, context awareness, intelligence, and natural interaction. Further, we tried to make EUSAI 2004 grow into a full-fledged double-track conference, with surrounding events like tutorials and specialized workshops, a poster and demonstration exhibition and a student design competition. The conference program included three invited keynotes, Ted Selker from MIT, Tom Rodden from the University of Nottingham and Tom Erickson from IBM.

Formal Techniques for Networked and Distributed Systems - FORTE 2006

By Elie Najm,Jean-Francois Pradat-Peyre,Véronique Viguié Donzeau-Gouge
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 3540462201
  • Number of Pages : 488
  • Category : Computers
  • Reviews : 184
  • Pdf File: formal-techniques-for-networked-and-distributed-systems-forte-2006.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference on Formal Techniques for Networked and Distributed Systems, FORTE 2006, held in Paris, France, in September 2006. The 26 revised full papers and 4 short papers presented together with 3 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 177 submissions. The papers focus on the construction of middleware and services using formalised and verified approaches.

Bioinorganic Chemistry

By Ram Charitra Maurya
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  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Isbn Code : 3110727307
  • Number of Pages : 409
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 233
  • Pdf File: bioinorganic-chemistry.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book covers different aspects of bioinorganic chemistry with in-depth and up-to-date coverage. Topics include photosynthesis, nitric oxide complexes and their therapeutic aspects in human beings and plants, carbon monoxide complexes and their therapeutic aspects in human beings and plants, and gaseous signaling molecule hydrogen sulfide and their donors in ophthalmic diseases and physiological implications in plants.

Upconversion Nanophosphors

By Sabu Thomas,Kanchan Upadhyay,Raunak Kumar Tamrakar,Nandakumar Kalarikkal
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn Code : 0128228431
  • Number of Pages : 424
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 847
  • Pdf File: upconversion-nanophosphors.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Upconversion Nanophosphors provides detailed information about various lanthanide-based upconversion nanoparticles and their application in different fields. It will also help solve fundamental and applied problems of inorganic phosphor materials showing upconversion behavior, as well as generate innovative ideas related to the application of inorganic phosphor materials. This book will prove to be an invaluable reference work for scientists, engineers, industrial experts, and masters and PhD students working in the field of upconversion and materials science. Covers the synthesis and characterization of upconversion nanophosphors and their applications Highlights which classes of upconversion materials are suitable for a specific application Explores processes to engineer upconversion nanoparticles for state-of-the-art technologies, including upconversion labelling and counterfeiting, highly sensitive and selective biosensing, and upconversion-activated drug delivery

Transition State

By Takayuki Fueno
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  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Isbn Code : 100071747X
  • Number of Pages : 328
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 107
  • Pdf File: transition-state.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The transition state is the critical configuration of a reaction system situated at the highest point of the most favorable reaction path on the potential-energy surface, its characteristics governing the dynamic behavior of reacting systems decisively. This text presents an accurate survey of current theoretical investigations of chemical reactions, with a focus on the nature of the transition state. Its scope ranges from general basic theories associated with the transition states, to their computer-assisted applications, through to a number of reactions in a state-of-the-art fashion. It covers various types of gas-phase elementary reactions, as well as some specific types of chemical processes taking place in the liquid phase. Also investigated is the recently developing transition state spectroscopy. This text will not only serve as a contemporary reference book on the concept of the transition state, but will also assist the readers in gaining valuable key principles regarding the essence of chemical kinetics and dynamics.

Quasiparticle and Phonon Excitations in Nuclei (SOLOVIEV 99)

By N Dinh Dang,A Arima
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814542911
  • Number of Pages : 336
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 835
  • Pdf File: quasiparticle-and-phonon-excitations-in-nuclei.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Professor Vadim Soloviev, an outstanding Russian nuclear theorist, was the founder of the Dubna school of nuclear structure. This volume commemorates his important contribution to nuclear physics. The subjects include: (1) traditional low-energy nuclear structure; (2) nuclear structure at extremes of excitation energy, angular momentum, isospin and mass; (3) nucleus-nucleus collisions and phase transitions in nuclear matter; (4) related subjects.

Quantum Theory of the Optical and Electronic Properties of Semiconductors

By Hartmut Haug,Stephan W Koch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Isbn Code : 9813106190
  • Number of Pages : 468
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 919
  • Pdf File: quantum-theory-of-the-optical-and-electronic-properties-of-semiconductors.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This invaluable textbook presents the basic elements needed to understand and research into semiconductor physics. It deals with elementary excitations in bulk and low-dimensional semiconductors, including quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots. The basic principles underlying optical nonlinearities are developed, including excitonic and many-body plasma effects. Fundamentals of optical bistability, semiconductor lasers, femtosecond excitation, the optical Stark effect, the semiconductor photon echo, magneto-optic effects, as well as bulk and quantum-confined Franz–Keldysh effects, are covered. The material is presented in sufficient detail for graduate students and researchers with a general background in quantum mechanics.

Quantum States and Scattering in Semiconductor Nanostructures

By Camille Ndebeka-Bandou,Francesca Carosella,Gérald Bastard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Isbn Code : 1786343045
  • Number of Pages : 448
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 476
  • Pdf File: quantum-states-and-scattering-in-semiconductor-nanostructures.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book is an introduction to quantum states and of their scattering in semiconductor nanostructures. Written with exercises and detailed solutions, it is designed to enable readers to start modelling actual electron states and scattering in nanostructures. It first looks at practical aspects of quantum states and emphasises the variational and perturbation approaches. Following this there is analysis of quasi two-dimensional materials, including discussion of the eigenstates of nanostructures, scattering mechanisms and their numerical results. Focussing on practical applications, this book moves away from standard discourse on theory and provides students of physics, nanotechnology and materials science with the opportunity to fully understand the electronic properties of nanostructures. Contents:Practical Quantum Mechanics:Schrödinger EquationBound and Extended StatesApproximate MethodsLandau Quantisation of Electron Motion in Ideal Semiconductor Bulks and HeterostructuresThe Physics of Heterostructures:Background on HeterostructuresElectrons States in NanostructuresBeyond the Ideal WorldScreening at the Semi-Classical ApproximationResults for Static ScatterersResults for Electron-Phonon InteractionBeyond the Born ApproximationExercises Readership: Students of physics, nanoscience and materials science, professionals working with nanomaterials, and researchers.

The Role of Circuit Courts in the Formation of United States Law in the Early Republic

By David Lynch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Isbn Code : 1509910875
  • Number of Pages : 192
  • Category : Law
  • Reviews : 703
  • Pdf File: the-role-of-circuit-courts-in-the-formation-of-united-states-law-in-the-early-republic.pdf

Book Excerpt:

While scholars have rightly focused on the importance of the landmark opinions of the United States Supreme Court and its Chief Justice, John Marshall, in the rise in influence of the Court in the Early Republic, the crucial role of the circuit courts in the development of a uniform system of federal law across the nation has largely been ignored. This book highlights the contribution of four Associate Justices (Washington, Livingston, Story and Thompson) as presiding judges of their respective circuit courts during the Marshall era, in order to establish that in those early years federal law grew from the 'inferior courts' upwards rather than down from the Supreme Court. It does so after a reading of over 1800 mainly circuit opinions and over 2000 original letters, which reveal the sources of law upon which the justices drew and their efforts through correspondence to achieve consistency across the circuits. The documents examined present insights into momentous social, political and economic issues facing the Union and demonstrate how these justices dealt with them on circuit. Particular attention is paid to the different ways in which each justice contributed to the shaping of United States law on circuit and on the Court and in the case of Justices Livingston and Thompson also during their time on the New York State Supreme Court.

Quantum Mechanics

By Richard Fitzpatrick
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  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Isbn Code : 9814696005
  • Number of Pages : 484
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 989
  • Pdf File: quantum-mechanics.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Quantum mechanics was developed during the first few decades of the twentieth century via a series of inspired guesses made by various physicists, including Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Schroedinger, Heisenberg, Pauli, and Dirac. All these scientists were trying to construct a self-consistent theory of microscopic dynamics that was compatible with experimental observations. The purpose of this book is to present quantum mechanics in a clear, concise, and systematic fashion, starting from the fundamental postulates, and developing the theory in as logical a manner as possible. Topics covered in the book include the fundamental postulates of quantum mechanics, angular momentum, time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory, scattering theory, identical particles, and relativistic electron theory.

Controlling Steady-State and Dynamical Properties of Atomic Optical Bistability

By Amitabh Joshi,Min Xiao
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  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814434647
  • Number of Pages : 248
  • Category :
  • Reviews : 241
  • Pdf File: controlling-steady-state-and-dynamical-properties-of-atomic-optical-bistability.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the theoretical and experimental studies of atomic optical bistability and multistability, and their dynamical properties in systems with two- and three-level inhomogeneously-broadened atoms inside an optical cavity. By making use of the modified linear absorption and dispersion, as well as the greatly enhanced nonlinearity in the three-level electromagnetically induced transparency system, the optical bistablity and efficient all-optical switching can be achieved at relatively low laser powers, which can be well controlled and manipulated. Until now, the rapid rate of progress in applications of multilevel systems in cross-disciplinary field has made it difficult to newcomers to the field to obtain a broad overview of this topic. This monograph will serve the purpose.Contents: IntroductionAtomic Optical Bistability in a Two-level SystemThree-level Atoms as the Intracavity Medium and Atomic Optical BistabilityAtomic Optical MultistabilityDynamical Instability to ChaosControlled All-optical SwitchingDynamical Hysteresis and Noise-induced BehaviorsConclusion and Outlooks Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics in optical physics.

Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

By Walter Greiner
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn Code : 3662026341
  • Number of Pages : 345
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 904
  • Pdf File: relativistic-quantum-mechanics.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Relativistic Quantum Mechanics - Wave Equations concentrates mainly on the wave equations for spin-0 and spin-1/2 particles. Chapter 1 deals with the Klein-Gordon equation and its properties and applications. The chapters that follow introduce the Dirac equation, investigate its covariance properties and present various approaches to obtaining solutions. Numerous applications are discussed in detail, including the two-center Dirac equation, hole theory, CPT symmetry, Klein's paradox, and relativistic symmetry principles. Chapter 15 presents the relativistic wave equations for higher spin (Proca, Rarita-Schwinger, and Bargmann-Wigner). The extensive presentation of the mathematical tools and the 62 worked examples and problems make this a unique text for an advanced quantum mechanics course.

Frontiers of Collective Motions

By Hiroyuki Sagawa,Hironori Iwasaki
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  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814487228
  • Number of Pages : 448
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 921
  • Pdf File: frontiers-of-collective-motions.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The physics of nuclear collective motion was pioneered by A Bohr and B R Mottelson 50 years ago. Since then, experimental and theoretical development in this field has been remarkable under the leadership of the Copenhagen group. In the 21st century, a new era has opened up due to the recent developments of experimental facilities, especially radioactive ion beams and large γ-ray arrays. Interest in collective motions is now shared in the research of other quantum many-body systems — for example, microclusters and Bose–Einstein condensation. It is therefore timely and important to review the current understanding of collective motions and discuss new directions of future study. The main topics of the symposium include recent theoretical and experimental progress in the understanding of vibrational and rotational motions in nuclei. Collective motions of Bose–Einstein condensation and microclusters are also addressed. The symposium invited several keynote speakers to review and discuss our present understanding and to identify future challenges. Oral presentations are also selected from submitted contributions. This symposium is an opportunity not just to present progress and future prospects but to exchange new ideas and to provoke controversies through intellectual debates. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) Contents:Slow Rotation of a Superfluid Trapped Fermi Gas (P Schuck)Chiral Doublet Bands in Triaxial Nuclei (D B Fossam)Coulomb Dissociation of Halo Nuclei (T Nakamura)Collective Modes in Nuclear Systems Far from Stability (A Vitturi)New Results in the Study of Superfluid Nuclei: Properties of Collective States, Many-Body Effects (P F Bortignon)Exotic Structure of Carbon Isotopes (T Suzuki)Time-Dependent Dynamics of the Bose–Fermi Mixed Condensed System (T Maruyama)New Aspects of Orbital Motion in Collective Nuclear Excitations (A Richter)Nuclear Moments of Inertia Inferred from Wobbling Motion in the Triaxial Superdeformed Nuclei (M Matsuzaki)Symmetries in Nuclei (A Arima)and other papers Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics in atomic physics, quantum physics and nuclear physics. Keywords:Wobbling Motions;Chiral Bands;Bose-Einstein Condensation;New Shell Structure;Drip Line Nuclei;Symmetry in Quantum Physics

Wide-band-gap Semiconductors

By C.G. Van de Walle
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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn Code : 0444599177
  • Number of Pages : 635
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 251
  • Pdf File: wide-band-gap-semiconductors.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Wide-band-gap semiconductors have been a research topic for many decades. However, it is only in recent years that the promise for technological applications came to be realized; simultaneously an upsurge of experimental and theoretical activity in the field has been witnessed. Semiconductors with wide band gaps exhibit unique electronic and optical properties. Their low intrinsic carrier concentrations and high breakdown voltage allow high-temperature and high-power applications (diamond, SiC etc.). The short wavelength of band-to-band transitions allows emission in the green, blue, or even UV region of the spectrum (ZnSe, GaN, etc.). In addition, many of these materials have favorable mechanical and thermal characteristics. These proceedings reflect the exciting progress made in this field. Successful p-type doping of ZnSe has recently led to the fabrication of blue-green injection lasers in ZnSe; applications of short-wavelength light-emitting devices range from color displays to optical storage. In SiC, advances in growth techniques for bulk as well as epitaxial material have made the commercial production of high-temperature and high-frequency devices possible. For GaN, refinement of growth procedures and new ways of obtaining doped material have resulted in blue-light-emitting diodes and opened the road to the development of laser diodes. Finally, while the quality of artificial diamond is not yet high enough for electronic applications, the promise it holds in terms of unique material properties is encouraging intense activity in the field. This volume contains contributions from recognized experts presently working on different material systems in the field. The papers cover the theoretical, experimental and application-oriented aspects of this exciting topic.

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

By
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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn Code : 0080561454
  • Number of Pages : 497
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 547
  • Pdf File: advances-in-atomic-molecular-and-optical-physics.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Established in 1965, Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics continues its tradition of excellence with Volume 34. The latest volume includes nine reviews of topics related to the applications of atomic and molecular physics to atmospheric physics and astrophysics.

State Participation in International Treaty Regimes

By Srini Sitaraman
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1317050436
  • Number of Pages : 346
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reviews : 118
  • Pdf File: state-participation-in-international-treaty-regimes.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Why do some states resist entering into international treaty regimes while others demonstrate eagerness to participate? Although factors such as degree of pressure exerted by international actors, ambiguity in the treaty language and a regime's 'lack of teeth' (enforcement and sanctioning mechanism) do affect participation, this book investigates whether internal (domestic) factors may ultimately be responsible for influencing why a state resists or joins international treaty regimes. The volume draws on United Nations treaty ratification data from three different issue areas - arms control, environment and human rights - to study the participation patterns of democracies and non-democracies in international treaty regimes. Incorporating two in-depth case studies on the United States and China, the author traces the impact of domestic institutional structure, state capacity and internal social norms on state decisions to resist or participate.

Exploring the World with the Laser

By Dieter Meschede,Thomas Udem,Tilman Esslinger
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 3319643460
  • Number of Pages : 812
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 804
  • Pdf File: exploring-the-world-with-the-laser.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This edition contains carefully selected contributions by leading scientists in high-resolution laser spectroscopy, quantum optics and laser physics. Emphasis is given to ultrafast laser phenomena, implementations of frequency combs, precision spectroscopy and high resolution metrology. Furthermore, applications of the fundamentals of quantum mechanics are widely covered. This book is dedicated to Nobel prize winner Theodor W. Hänsch on the occasion of his 75th birthday. The contributions are reprinted from a topical collection published in Applied Physics B, 2016. Selected contributions are available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com. Please see the copyright page for further details.

High Precision Optical Spectroscopy and Quantum State Selected Photodissociation of Ultracold 88Sr2 Molecules in an Optical Lattice

By Mickey McDonald
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 3319687352
  • Number of Pages : 183
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 569
  • Pdf File: high-precision-optical-spectroscopy-and-quantum-state-selected-photodissociation-of-ultracold-88sr2-molecules-in-an-optical-lattice.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This thesis unites the fields of optical atomic clocks and ultracold molecular science, laying the foundation for optical molecular measurements of unprecedented precision. Building upon optical manipulation techniques developed by the atomic clock community, this work delves into attaining surgical control of molecular quantum states. The thesis develops two experimental observables that one can measure with optical-lattice-trapped ultracold molecules: extremely narrow optical spectra, and angular distributions of photofragments that are ejected when the diatomic molecules are dissociated by laser light pulses. The former allows molecular spectroscopy approaching the level of atomic clocks, leading into molecular metrology and tests of fundamental physics. The latter opens the field of ultracold chemistry through observation of quantum effects such as matter-wave interference of photofragments and tunneling through reaction barriers. The thesis also describes a discovery of a new method of thermometry that can be used near absolute zero temperatures for particles lacking cycling transitions, solving a long-standing experimental problem in atomic and molecular physics.

The Physics of Quantum Mechanics

By James Binney,David Skinner
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  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Isbn Code : 0191002275
  • Number of Pages : 400
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 974
  • Pdf File: the-physics-of-quantum-mechanics.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The Physics of Quantum Mechanics aims to give students a good understanding of how quantum mechanics describes the material world. It shows that the theory follows naturally from the use of probability amplitudes to derive probabilities. It stresses that stationary states are unphysical mathematical abstractions that enable us to solve the theory's governing equation, the time-dependent Schroedinger equation. Every opportunity is taken to illustrate the emergence of the familiar classical, dynamical world through the quantum interference of stationary states. The text stresses the continuity between the quantum world and the classical world, which is merely an approximation to the quantum world. The connections between observables, operators and transformations are clearly explained and the standard commutation rules derived from the properties of spacetime. A chapter is devoted to entanglement, quantum computation, density operators and their role in thermodynamics, and the measurement problem. Scattering phenomena, including the origin of radioactivity, are handled early on in the accessible context of one dimension, and at the end of the book with some rigour in three dimensions. Hydrogen and helium are discussed in some detail and it is shown that quantum mechanics enables us to understand the structure of the periodic table without engaging with the complexities of many-electron atoms. Dirac notation is used from the outset and students are trained to move easily from one representation to another, choosing whichever representation is best suited to a particular problem. The mathematical prerequisites are no more than simple vector algebra, Taylor series expansion and the use of integrating factors to solve linear first order differential equations. Rigorous algebraic methods are preferred to the solution of partial differential equations.

Exotic Nuclei (Iasen-2013) - Proceedings Of The First International African Symposium On Exotic Nuclei

By Yuri Erastovich Penionzhkevich,Evgeni A Cherepanov,Dmitri Kamanin,Robert Bark,John Christopher Cornell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn Code : 9814632058
  • Number of Pages : 692
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 764
  • Pdf File: exotic-nuclei.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of talks presented at the First International African Symposium on Exotic Nuclei (IASEN-2013). The symposium was held at Cape Town, South Africa from 2 - 6 December 2013. The IASEN2013 was dedicated to the problems of producing and investigating nuclei far from the line of stability. The symposium was organized by two scientific centers: iThemba LABS, South Africa and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna).The main goal of the Symposium was to discuss the latest results on the production and study of the properties of the lightest to heaviest nuclei, as well as the plans for future joint investigations in the field of exotic nuclei. The talks were presented by the leading scientists in the field. Among the topics of the symposium were the following: production and study of properties of nuclei in extreme states, strongly deformed nuclei, highly excited and nuclei far from the line of stability as well as nuclei having large angular momenta. New results of the investigations are presented in this book. In particular, the latest results on the synthesis of new superheavy elements are also presented. At the Symposium were talks devoted to existing detecting devices and accelerators of exotic nuclei as well as to the future projects for the creation of similar set-ups.

Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems

By Berardo Ruggiero,Per Delsing,Carmine Granata,Yuri A. Pashkin,P. Silvestrini
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn Code : 0387311432
  • Number of Pages : 337
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 778
  • Pdf File: quantum-computing-in-solid-state-systems.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Quantum Computation in Solid State Systems discusses experimental implementation of quantum computing for information processing devices; in particular observations of quantum behavior in several solid state systems are presented. The complementary theoretical contributions provide models of minimizing decoherence in the different systems. Most recent theoretical and experimental results on macroscopic quantum coherence of mesoscopic systems, as well as the realization of solid-state qubits and quantum gates are discussed. Particular attention is given to coherence effects in Josephson devices. Other solid state systems---including quantum dots, optical, ion, and spin devices---are also discussed.

Novel Superfluids

By Karl-Heinz Bennemann,John B. Ketterson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Isbn Code : 0191650196
  • Number of Pages : 648
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 773
  • Pdf File: novel-superfluids.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book reports on the latest developments in the field of Superfluidity. The phenomenon has had a tremendous impact on the fundamental sciences as well as a host of technologies. It began with the discovery of superconductivity in mercury in 1911, which was ultimately described theoretically by the theory of Bardeen Cooper and Schriever (BCS) in 1957. The analogous phenomena, superfluidity, was discovered in helium in 1938 and tentatively explained shortly thereafter as arising from a Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) by London. But the importance of superfluidity, and the range of systems in which it occurs, has grown enormously. In addition to metals and the helium liquids the phenomena has now been observed for photons in cavities, excitons in semiconductors, magnons in certain materials, and cold gasses trapped in high vacuum. It very likely exist for neutrons in a neutron star and, possibly, in a conjectured quark state at their center. Even the Universe itself can be regarded as being in a kind of superfluid state. All these topics are discussed by experts in the respective subfields.

Angular Correlations in Nuclear Disintegration

By Hans van Krugten,Bob van Nooijen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn Code : 9401177317
  • Number of Pages : 636
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reviews : 921
  • Pdf File: angular-correlations-in-nuclear-disintegration.pdf

Book Excerpt:

In 1969 we feit that the subject of angular correlations in nuclear disintegrat ion had received little special attention at international conferences. It is true that perturbed angular correlations had been discussed at a smalI, highly - specialised meeting at Uppsala in 1963 and that in 1967 certain aspects of perturbed angular correlations had been considered at a conference on hyperfine structure at Asilomar. However, both conferences were very limited in scope from the point of view of a low - energy nuclear physicist. Besides, since these conferences were being held, the field of perturbed ?ngular correlations had received new impetus from the still ex panding application of the implantation of radioactive isotopes in suitable environ ments, from the construction of large superconductive magnets, etc. Meanwhile, the technique of measuring correlations between beta particles and circularly polarized gamma rays had been developed to such a degree that they lent themselves to the in vestigation of beta decay, nuclear structure and charge dependence of nuclear forces. The systematic study of heavy elements had increased the import an ce of alpha-gamma angular correlations which present their own specific problems. Theoretical internal conversion data had become available to such an extent that electron -gamma direct ional correlations became an important tool in the investigation of nuclear structure: in a large number of cases it is more advantageous to study electron -gamma corre lations instead of the commonly measured gamma -gamma directional correlations.

Quantum Electrodynamics of Strong Fields

By Walter Greiner,B. Müller,J. Rafelski
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn Code : 364282272X
  • Number of Pages : 596
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 899
  • Pdf File: quantum-electrodynamics-of-strong-fields.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The fundamental goal of physics is an understanding of the forces of nature in their simplest and most general terms. Yet there is much more involved than just a basic set of equations which eventually has to be solved when applied to specific problems. We have learned in recent years that the structure of the ground state of field theories (with which we are generally concerned) plays an equally funda mental role as the equations of motion themselves. Heisenberg was probably the first to recognize that the ground state, the vacuum, could acquire certain prop erties (quantum numbers) when he devised a theory of ferromagnetism. Since then, many more such examples are known in solid state physics, e. g. supercon ductivity, superfluidity, in fact all problems concerned with phase transitions of many-body systems, which are often summarized under the name synergetics. Inspired by the experimental observation that also fundamental symmetries, such as parity or chiral symmetry, may be violated in nature, it has become wide ly accepted that the same field theory may be based on different vacua. Practical ly all these different field phases have the status of more or less hypothetical models, not (yet) directly accessible to experiments. There is one magnificent ex ception and this is the change of the ground state (vacuum) of the electron-posi tron field in superstrong electric fields.

Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics

By
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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Isbn Code : 9780080564746
  • Number of Pages : 460
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 895
  • Pdf File: advances-in-atomic-and-molecular-physics.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics