Algorithms of Oppression Book

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Algorithms of Oppression

By Safiya Umoja Noble
  • Writer : Safiya Umoja Noble
  • Isbn : 1479866768
  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Number of Pages : 256
  • Category : Social Science
  • Review Counts : 941
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : algorithms-of-oppression.pdf

Summaries of Book :

As seen in Wired and Time A revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms Run a Google search for “black girls”—what will you find? “Big Booty” and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms. But, if you type in “white girls,” the results are radically different. The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about “why black women are so sassy” or “why black women are so angry” presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society. In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color. Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance. An original, surprising and, at times, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, maintained, and disseminated in the 21st century. Safiya Noble discusses search engine bias in an interview with USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

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Integrating Mindfulness into Anti-Oppression Pedagogy

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1317520785
  • Number of Pages : 198
  • Category : Education
  • Reviews : 637
  • Pdf File: integrating-mindfulness-into-anti-oppression-pedagogy.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Drawing from mindfulness education and social justice teaching, this book explores an anti-oppressive pedagogy for university and college classrooms. Authentic classroom discussions about oppression and diversity can be difficult; a mindful approach allows students to explore their experiences with compassion and to engage in critical inquiry to confront their deeply held beliefs and value systems. This engaging book is full of practical tips for deepening learning, addressing challenging situations, and providing mindfulness practices in anti-oppression classrooms. Integrating Mindfulness into Anti-Oppression Pedagogy is for all higher education professionals interested in pedagogy that empowers and engages students in the complex unlearning of oppression.

Integrating Mindfulness into Anti-Oppression Pedagogy

By Beth Berila
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1317520777
  • Number of Pages : 182
  • Category : Education
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  • Pdf File: integrating-mindfulness-into-anti-oppression-pedagogy.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Drawing from mindfulness education and social justice teaching, this book explores an anti-oppressive pedagogy for university and college classrooms. Authentic classroom discussions about oppression and diversity can be difficult; a mindful approach allows students to explore their experiences with compassion and to engage in critical inquiry to confront their deeply held beliefs and value systems. This engaging book is full of practical tips for deepening learning, addressing challenging situations, and providing mindfulness practices in anti-oppression classrooms. Integrating Mindfulness into Anti-Oppression Pedagogy is for all higher education professionals interested in pedagogy that empowers and engages students in the complex unlearning of oppression.

Hope Under Oppression

By Katie Stockdale
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0197563597
  • Number of Pages :
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 390
  • Pdf File: hope-under-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

We have all been told, at one time or another, to "never give up hope." It's a common injunction to children, but as we grow older, sustaining hope becomes more challenging, particularly in a world we come to see as often frightening, dark, and unjust. But what is this thing "hope," and why is hope so valuable that we are so often urged to preserve and protect it? This book explores the nature and essential role of hope in human life under conditions of oppression. Oppression is often a threat and damage to hope, yet many members of oppressed groups, including prominent activists pursuing a more just world, find hope valuable and even essential to their personal and political lives. Katie Stockdale offers a unique evaluative framework for hope that captures its intrinsic value, the rationality and morality of hope, and ultimately how we can hope well in the non-ideal world we share. She develops an account of the relationship between hope and anger about oppression and argues that when people are angry about oppression, they tend to also harbour hope for repair. When people's hopes for repair are not realized, as is often the case for those who are oppressed, their anger can evolve into bitterness. They feel unresolved anger as a result of losing hope that injustice will be sufficiently acknowledged and addressed. Fortunately, things do not have to be this way. Even when people may feel that they have lost all hope, faith can help them to be resilient in the face of oppression. They can join with others who share their experiences or commitments for a better world, uniting with them in collective action. By doing so, they can strengthen hope for the future when hope might otherwise be lost. Ultimately, this work illustrates the crucial value of hope for both individuals and collectives in the pursuit of justice, and in an increasingly uncertain world.

Diversity, Oppression, & Change

By Flavio Francisco Marsiglia,Stephen S. Kulis,Stephanie Lechuga-Peña
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0190059524
  • Number of Pages : 448
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 821
  • Pdf File: diversity-oppression-change.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Diversity, Oppression, and Change, Third Edition provides a culturally grounded approach to practice, policy, and research in social work and allied fields. The book's intersectionality perspective provides a lens through which students can identify connections between identities based on race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, social class, religion, and ability status. Through theoretical and empirical content as well as "Notes from the Field," students become familiar with the culturally grounded perspective and culturally appropriate ways of engaging with diverse communities. Marsiglia, Kulis, and Lechuga-Peña have crafted a book about hope and resiliency, the miraculous ability of individuals and communities to bounce back from oppressive experiences and historical trauma, and the role of social workers as allies in that journey.

Diversity, Oppression, & Change

By Flavio Francisco Marsiglia,Stephen S. Kulis,Stephanie Lechuga-Peña
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0190059516
  • Number of Pages : 448
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 801
  • Pdf File: diversity-oppression-change.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Diversity, Oppression, and Change, Third Edition provides a culturally grounded approach to practice, policy, and research in social work and allied fields. The book's intersectionality perspective provides a lens through which students can identify connections between identities based on race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, social class, religion, and ability status. Through theoretical and empirical content as well as "Notes from the Field," students become familiar with the culturally grounded perspective and culturally appropriate ways of engaging with diverse communities. Marsiglia, Kulis, and Lechuga-Peña have crafted a book about hope and resiliency, the miraculous ability of individuals and communities to bounce back from oppressive experiences and historical trauma, and the role of social workers as allies in that journey.

Assemblages of Violence in Education

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1000333396
  • Number of Pages : 162
  • Category : Education
  • Reviews : 713
  • Pdf File: assemblages-of-violence-in-education.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Assemblages of Violence: Everyday Trajectories of Oppression brings together fields including new materialisms, anthropology, curriculum theory, and educational foundations to examine how violence is intertwined with everyday events and ideas. Artfully weaving participant narratives in two contexts that exist a literal world apart—queer middle school youth of color in an urban context and Indian women who have survived domestic violence—Assemblages of Violence conceptualizes how social justice functions in opposition to normalized aggressions. Often overlooked, these deeply significant connections document how multiplicities of aggression operate as business-as-usual in a variety of spaces and places, including those that are often thought of as helpful. To these ends, this book introduces pathologies to theoretically and methodologically trace affects in order to more clearly perceive both where and how violence is embedded in and between sociopolitical and cultural ways of being, knowing, and doing. In so doing, Assemblages of Violence argues that pathologizing trajectories of violence can provide theoretical and methodological tools for those seeking to engage in a pedagogy of equity, access, and care to help people and communities in ways they wish to be helped. 2021 Winner of the AESA Critics’ Choice Book Award.

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  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Isbn Code : 3030355179
  • Number of Pages : 487
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  • Pdf File: prejudice-stigma-privilege-and-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the ways in which clinical psychologists ought to conceptualize and respond to the prejudice and oppression that their clients experience. Thus, the link between prejudice and oppression to psychopathology is explored. Basic scientific information about prejudice is reviewed, and the current status of the major minority groups is explored. Chapters examine the role of prejudice and oppression in institutional structures such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and professional organizations. The discussion addresses ways to assess these phenomena in individual cases and how to intervene in psychotherapy. The book ventures to evaluate the status of the profession of psychology with respect to prejudice, stigmatization, and oppression by critically examining evidence that the profession has responded adequately to these social problems. These issues are hard to talk about and are not well talked about in the field. This book is a push in the right direction.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Isbn Code : 1442208163
  • Number of Pages : 388
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 254
  • Pdf File: heirs-of-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Packing his case with moral argument and relevant facts, Angelo Corlett offers the most comprehensive defense to date in favor of reparations for African Americans and American Indians. As Corlett see it, the heirs of oppression are both the descendants of the oppressors and the descendants of their victims. Corlett delves deeply into the philosophically related issues of collective responsibility, forgiveness and apology, and reparations as a human right in ways that no other book or article to date has done. He recommends specific policies and tests the basic arguments of this book with a lengthy chapter considering several objections to the line of reasoning grounding the project.

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  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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  • Number of Pages : 242
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  • Pdf File: community-and-confluence.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Bridging the gap between psychology and politics, Lichtenberg presents a powerful argument for applying the methods and insights of the Gestalt perspective to social and political problems. Focusing on the inner dynamics of power and abuse relationships, this thoughtful treatment of victim/oppressor fusion has stimulated new thinking about abuse, exploitation, and the processes and methods essential to personal and political change.

Community and Confluence

By Philip Lichtenberg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Isbn Code : 1134895305
  • Number of Pages : 242
  • Category : Psychology
  • Reviews : 154
  • Pdf File: community-and-confluence.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Bridging the gap between psychology and politics, Lichtenberg presents a powerful argument for applying the methods and insights of the Gestalt perspective to social and political problems. Focusing on the inner dynamics of power and abuse relationships, this thoughtful treatment of victim/oppressor fusion has stimulated new thinking about abuse, exploitation, and the processes and methods essential to personal and political change.

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  • Publisher : North Atlantic Books
  • Isbn Code : 1623175526
  • Number of Pages : 192
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 325
  • Pdf File: grieving-while-black.pdf

Book Excerpt:

An exploration of grief and racial trauma through the eyes of a Black end-of-life caregiver. Most of us understand grief as sorrow experienced after a loss—the death of a loved one, the end of a relationship, or a change in life circumstance. Breeshia Wade approaches grief as something that is bigger than what's already happened to us—as something that is connected to what we fear, what we love, and what we aspire toward. Drawing on stories from her own life as a Black woman and from the people she has midwifed through the end of life, she connects sorrow not only to specific incidents but also to the ongoing trauma that is part and parcel of systemic oppression. Wade reimagines our relationship to power, accountability, and boundaries and points to the long-term work we must all do in order to address systemic trauma perpetuated within our interpersonal relationships. Each of us has a moral obligation to attend to our own grief so that we can responsibly engage with others. Wade elucidates grief in every aspect of our lives, providing a map back to ourselves and allowing the reader to heal their innate wholeness.

From Oppression to Grace

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  • Isbn Code : 1579221114
  • Number of Pages : 264
  • Category : Education
  • Reviews : 243
  • Pdf File: from-oppression-to-grace.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book gives voice to the experiences of women of color--women of African, Native American, Latina, East Indian, Korean and Japanese descent--as students pursuing terminal degrees and as faculty members navigating the Academy, grappling with the dilemmas encountered by others and themselves as they exist at the intersections of their work and identities. Women of color are frequently relegated--on account both of race and womanhood--into monolithic categories that perpetuate oppression, subdue and suppress conflict, and silence voices. This book uses critical race feminism (CRF) to place women of color in the center, rather than the margins, of the discussion, theorizing, research and praxis of their lives as they co-exist in the dominant culture. The first part of the book addresses the issues faced on the way to achieving a terminal degree: the struggles encountered and the lessons learned along the way. Part Two, "Pride and Prejudice: Finding Your Place After the Degree" describes the complexity of lives of women with multiple identities as scholars with family, friends, and lives at home and at work. The book concludes with the voices of senior faculty sharing their journeys and their paths to growth as scholars and individuals. This book is for all women of color growing up in the academy, learning to stand on their own, taking first steps, mastering the language, walking, running, falling and getting up to run again--and illuminates the process of self-definition that is essential to their growth as scholars and individuals.

Intolerance

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  • Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • Isbn Code : 0773564535
  • Number of Pages : 288
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 864
  • Pdf File: intolerance.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Since the sixteenth century intolerance has been defined primarily as the undue condemnation of an opinion or behaviour. Liberation movements of the 1960s extended the notion of intolerance to the dimension of identity the oppression of another human being on the basis of what that person is. Noël argues that comparative analysis of the relationships of domination must therefore focus on all six parameters. She analyses these parameters from the perspective of discourse (the social production of meaning) and finds that the discourse of intolerance validates the most brutal forms of oppression: intolerance is the theory and domination and oppression are the practice. She finds common patterns from one parameter to another and also from one country to another, including Canada, the United States, Great Britain, and France. Noël attempts to demystify the dominant discourse and to pick apart the logic of the dynamics which intolerance engenders. She reveals the shared and distinguishing features of dominated groups, examines the nature of relations between dominated groups and the Left, and challenges the validity of using concepts such as "difference" to defend the rights of the oppressed. Awarded the Governor-General's Award for Non-Fiction (French) in 1989, Intolerance serves as both a practical guide and a theoretical work for activists and those who help define the discourse.

Oppression and Resistance in Southern Higher and Adult Education

By Kamden K. Strunk,Leslie Ann Locke,Georgianna L. Martin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 1137576642
  • Number of Pages : 231
  • Category : Education
  • Reviews : 143
  • Pdf File: oppression-and-resistance-in-southern-higher-and-adult-education.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book explores the long history of oppression and resistance in adult and higher education, situated in Mississippi. The state serves as a unique site in which intersecting narratives around race, ethnicity, social class, opportunity, democracy, and equity have played out over the past several decades. In this book, the authors highlight the experiences of students and adults in Mississippi who provide both covert, subtle resistance to the dominant, oppressive educational narrative in the state, as well as those who provide active, visible resistance. Using critical pedagogy and critical theory to drive their analysis, the authors highlight the systematic and continuous nature of oppression, and theorize ways forward toward liberation in Mississippi, the South, and the nation.

Oppression and Resistance

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Isbn Code : 1787431894
  • Number of Pages : 240
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 267
  • Pdf File: oppression-and-resistance.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Theoretical and ethnographical approaches examine symbolic interactionism’s ability to deploy the concepts of structure and agency in sociological explanation. It illuminates the dialectic of oppression and resistance in everyday life, illustrating that actors make meaning through resistance.

Oppression and Resistance

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Isbn Code : 1787431673
  • Number of Pages : 240
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 469
  • Pdf File: oppression-and-resistance.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Theoretical and ethnographical approaches examine symbolic interactionism’s ability to deploy the concepts of structure and agency in sociological explanation. It illuminates the dialectic of oppression and resistance in everyday life, illustrating that actors make meaning through resistance.

Myths of Oppression

By Inci Bilgin Tekin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Isbn Code : 3838263081
  • Number of Pages : 166
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reviews : 786
  • Pdf File: myths-of-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Inci Bilgin Tekin's study offers a comparative perspective on two very challenging contemporary female playwrights, Liz Lochhead and Cherrie Moraga, and their Scottish and Chicanese adaptations of myths—such as the Greek Medea and Oedipus or the Mayan Popul Vuh—which address ethnic, racial, gender, and hierarchical oppression. Her book incorporates postcolonial and feminist readings of Lochhead's and Moraga's plays while it also explores different mythologies on the background. Bilgin Tekin not only introduces an original point of view on Liz Lochhead's and Cherrie Moraga's plays as adaptations or rewrites, but also calls attention to the non-canonized Scottish, Aztec, and Mayan mythologies. Following an innovative approach, she discusses the question in which ways Lochhead's and Moraga's adaptations of myths are challenges to the canon and further suggests a feminist version of Augusto Boal's Theatre of the Oppressed.The study appeals to readers of mythology, drama, and comparative literature. Those interested in postcolonial and feminist theories will also gain valuable new insights.

Oppression and Resistance in Africa and the Diaspora

By Kenneth Kalu,Toyin Falola
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 0429015143
  • Number of Pages : 234
  • Category : History
  • Reviews : 840
  • Pdf File: oppression-and-resistance-in-africa-and-the-diaspora.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Africa’s modern history is replete with different forms of encounters and conflicts. From the fifteenth century when millions of Africans were forcefully taken away as slaves during the infamous Atlantic slave trade; to the colonial conquests of the nineteenth century where European countries conquered and subsequently balkanized Africa and shared the continent to European powers; and to the postcolonial era where many African leaders have maintained several instruments of exploitation, the continent has seen different forms of encounters, exploitations and oppressions. These encounters and exploitations have equally been met with resistance in different forms and at different times. The mode of Africa’s encounters with the rest of the world have in several ways, shaped and continue to shape the continent’s social, political and economic development trajectories. Essays in this volume have addressed different aspects of these phases of encounters and resistance by Africa and the African Diaspora. While the volume document different phases of oppression and conflict, it also contains some accounts of Africa’s resistance to external and internal oppressions and exploitations. From the physical guerilla resistance of the Mau Mau group against British colonial exploitation in Kenya and its aftermath, to efforts of the Kayble group to preserve their language and culture in modern Algeria; and from the innovative ways in which the Tuareg are using guitar and music as forms of expression and resistance, to the modern ways in which contemporary African immigrants in North America are coping with oppressive structures and racism, the chapters in this volume have examined different phases of oppressions and suppressions of Africa and its people, as well as acts of resistance put up by Africans.

Oppression and Positive psychology:

By Bushra Tughar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : BookRix
  • Isbn Code : 3748758898
  • Number of Pages : 25
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 886
  • Pdf File: oppression-and-positive-psychology.pdf

Book Excerpt:

As Libyan people went through oppression, which is supposedly, occurred within every society in the world and that is holding back its citizens. Positive psychology has taken a role in society whenever people felt down and miserable. However, it can act wrongly if the negative emotions are always ignored. You should agree that, positivity does not mean the total absence of any negativity. Nevertheless, It means the absence of violence in all forms and unfolding of negativity in a constructive way. Therefore, positivity exists where people are interacting non-violently, are managing their inner-self-conflict positively–with respectful attention to the legitimate needs, and interest of all concerned. A specific concentration to how positive psychological factors can take a part to flourish the oppressed society and tackle-down the psychological suffering and negative statuses.

Pedagogy, Oppression and Transformation in a 'Post-Critical' Climate

By Andrew O'Shea,Maeve O'Brien
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Isbn Code : 144111551X
  • Number of Pages : 192
  • Category : Education
  • Reviews : 377
  • Pdf File: pedagogy-oppression-and-transformation-in-a-post-critical-climate.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Pedagogy, Oppression and Transformation in a 'Post-Critical' Climate provides an urgent reflection on Freire's work, in particular his central principles of pedagogy and praxis, offering a variety of critical responses from philosophical, sociological and egalitarian perspectives. The editors explore whether Freire's revolutionary work has stood the test of time and its relevance to educational discourses today - discourses that frequently contest the ontological and historical aspects of human development While Freire's work emerged as a response to the problem of providing a transformative educational praxis for justice and equality within a specific cultural and economic milieu, Pedagogy, Oppression and Transformation in a 'Post-Critical' Climate seeks to explore the value and possibilities of transformative praxis in perpetually diverse educational settings and within an increasingly divided globalised world. By building on the earlier emancipatory approach of Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed, it creates an international conversation between academics, educational practitioners and community activists for a new generation.

EVOLUTION OF PEOPLE'S THOUGHT AGAINST ALL KINDS OF OPPRESSION

By JAVIER CLEMENTE ENGONGA AVOMO
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DelRei
  • Isbn Code : N.a
  • Number of Pages : 84
  • Category : Art
  • Reviews : 355
  • Pdf File: evolution-of-people-s-thought-against-all-kinds-of-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

As in other times, in other times and in many places and moments in history, talking about Freedom has always been a matter of concern for those who oppress, because to oppress is to disturb the individual and collective freedoms of others, of innocent peoples. The oppressed is never guilty but is always the victim of the oppressor, which is generally a whole system personified in the figure of an oppressive tyrant or an oppressive tyrannical group. And so many peoples throughout the history of humanity have undergone that long learning of forced submission to a system that destroys them and prevents them from being free, and always, in all ages, peoples have decided their own destinies. . From the American Revolution that led to the Civil War that provided a new outlook for the Western world and a powerful new nation, to Mao's Red Revolution that began with the uprisings of student groups in Xiangtan, Hunan Province and spread throughout the country mobilizing the masses to fight and end the national division, the dying empire of the Qing dynasty and its last emperor PuYi, as well as the fight against the Chinese secessionists in that case, the Guo Ming Tang, who they ended up exiled to Taiwan until today and, above all, the struggle and triumph against the Japanese invasion. The revolution is not a chance event, nor can its emergence be prevented, since it is the result of events in the history of each nation. Oppressors can always kill, murder, imprison, shoot, lie and cheat, manipulate and destroy, buy and bribe, because that has been their role throughout history, ... their archetype, rather; but they can never prevent or impede revolution. At most, they can delay it, nothing more. The most maliciously intelligent, like the Romans already in the second millennium, adopted the revolution of the Jewish insurgents and took possession of it and built on it the survival and extension of their empire, turning it into the Holy Roman Empire as they were called. But when all the parties do not join the People and their revolution, then they easily end up in the chair of the accused and judged by their peoples and history. The socialist, nationalist, or communist terms with which the popular revolution or revolution of the peoples are identified are only labels associated with specific systems of government. The true revolution is neither socialist nor capitalist but belongs to the people; It is a natural mechanism of peoples throughout their history to return to the natural order of things, to freedom and respect for the rights of people and social justice. When societies lose their sense of freedom, law and social justice, then the Revolution always springs up as a consequential and natural effect. The incessant search for freedom of the peoples, and the desire for emancipation over the lower powers that submit their destinies, has always led peoples throughout history to demonstrate in search of a forceful advance, a transcendental change, to which It has always been called Revolution, meaning a process of return to evolution, to programmed continuity. To evolve is to go forward, and a Revolution entails the return or return to the correct and desired direction or direction of things. That is why good revolutions have always triumphed, for that is how youth revolutions are. Young people are by nature lovers of change, and although they adapt to everything they also adopt their own way of doing things and seeing the world. Throughout contemporary history, youths have literally managed to move mountains. There is no successful revolution in history, from the French Revolution to the Industrial Revolution, or much later the socialist revolutions in the East and the West; or more specifically in Africa, the independence revolutions that culminated in the creation and independence of most of the countries that we recognize today in Africa; all of them had the energies and the din of the young people. The famous and courageous members of the Black Panther Party in the United States were seventeen to twenty-two-year-old youths, warriors who shook the pillars of racism in American society, the most historic, political, and overtly racist modern society. And the greatest, the greatest revolutionaries are, in truth, the eyes and the brain of every revolution. The Total Revolution to which the peoples of the world aspire is not a transcendental or apocalyptic event, but a sudden change of universal consciousness about certain truths of our reality that are also universal. The truth that injustices and crimes, abuses and impunity cannot create anything positive in any society is the creed of a revolutionary. The truth that fear cannot prevail over the day-to-day opportunity to change, to challenge, to triumph, is the hymn of a revolutionary. These are the Foundations of the Revolutionary Consciousness, and the Evolution of the Thought of the People - of the popular classes - against all kinds of Oppression. Beijing, China. 26.06.2021 Javier Clemente Engonga,

Oppression of the Female in "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Plath

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Isbn Code : 3346149153
  • Number of Pages : 30
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Reviews : 246
  • Pdf File: oppression-of-the-female-in-the-bell-jar.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2019 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,3, University of Dusseldorf "Heinrich Heine", language: English, abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to examine how female authors have presented their own views of a gender restrictive era. Therefore, I am going to analyze two feminist theories, Margaret Fuller's theory "Woman in the nineteenth century" (1845) and Betty Friedan's "Feminine Mystique" (1963), as well as Sylvia Plath's novel "The Bell Jar" (1963). These texts are chosen as they all deal with issues related to femininity and tried to redefine gender roles at their time. The first part of this thesis will compare the theoretical ideas of Friedan and Fuller in order to see how these authors have experienced the patriarchal system of their time and to what extent the role of women in American society has changed. Both theories are important for the analysis of "The Bell Jar" as they contribute to an understanding of the protagonist's struggle to adapt to the implicit rules of the patriarchal system she lives in. The concepts of marriage, education and career as well as motherhood and domesticity are exclusively chosen to explain Esther's place in a society that has certain expectations and rules for women the heroine can no longer accept. Sylvia Plath's novel calls attention to the injustice of the treatment young women received at that time and shows the destructive effects of her era on women who refused to conform to ideals and rules made by the patriarchal system. The main part of this thesis examines how the novel presents the oppressive system of 1950's America in which the heroine has to live in. With "The Bell Jar", Plath provides insight into 1950's America and underlines several issues regarding femininity. She demonstrates these issues with several characters that are either challenging or upholding the system, with character relationships or with medical institutions that "stand as an emblem for women's oppression". Thus, the focus will be on analyzing the instruments and devices Plath uses to shed light on the inequality women experienced at that time.

Understanding Islam

By Farhan Iqbal,Tauseef A. Khan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Islam International Publications Ltd
  • Isbn Code : 1989163009
  • Number of Pages : 253
  • Category : Religion
  • Reviews : 826
  • Pdf File: understanding-islam.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The concept of Jihad in Islam is misunderstood by a large number of people, who believe that the violent and oppressive actions of extremists as portrayed by some media is a representation of the teachings of Islam. In addition, numerous articles and books have been written in popular press that, through ignorance or prejudice, misconstrue verses of the Holy Quran and events from the life of the Holy Prophet(sa) of Islam to label such brutal actions, oppression and persecution as wholly Islamic. One such book came out in 2016 that presented the same age-old arguments against Islam and its concept of Jihad. This book Understanding Islam is a response to all such allegations against Jihad and presents the pristine beauty of Islam from the teachings of Holy Quran, the life of the Holy Prophet(sa) of Islam and the discourses of the Promised Messiah, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad(as) of Qadian. It has been written jointly by members of the Review of Religions Research Canada, a group that inspires the youth towards studying the sciences of the Holy Quran.

Civilized Oppression

By J. Harvey
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Isbn Code : 0742573680
  • Number of Pages : 168
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 940
  • Pdf File: civilized-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Silenced, discredited, stripped of powers of moral appeal, and deprived of the interpersonal conditions necessary for maintaining self-respect, many people suffer from serious but subtle forms of oppression involving neither physical violence nor the use of law. In Civillized Oppression J.Harvey forcefully argues for the crucial role of morally distorted relationships in such oppression. While uncovering a set of underlying moral principles that account for the immorality of civilized oppression, Harvey's analyses provide frameworks for identifying morally problematic situations and relationships, criteria for evaluating them, and guidelines for appropriate responses. This book will be essential for both graduates and undergraduates in ethics, social theory, theory of justice, and feminist and race studies.

Reinventing Critical Pedagogy

By Cesar Augusto Rossatto,Ricky Lee Allen,Marc Pruyn
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Isbn Code : 1461643007
  • Number of Pages : 272
  • Category : Education
  • Reviews : 326
  • Pdf File: reinventing-critical-pedagogy.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Reinventing Critical Pedagogy is divided into three thematic areas: 'Race, Ethnicity, and Critical Pedagogy,' which exposes the pervasiveness of white supremacy and ethnic conflict; 'Theoretical Concerns,' in which authors rethink the basic premises of capitalism, alienation, experience, religion, and social justice through a critical theory lens, a critical pedagogy staple; finally, 'Applications, Extensions, and Empirical Studies' looks at undertheorized and underrepresented areas in critical pedagogy—gender, math education, pseudo-science, global literacy, and stories of successful resistance.

Hegel's Theory of Recognition

By Sybol S.C. Anderson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Isbn Code : 1441101632
  • Number of Pages : 224
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 846
  • Pdf File: hegel-s-theory-of-recognition.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Since the 1960s 'New Left' emancipatory movements have claimed that women, ethnic minorities, gays and lesbians, and other groups are oppressed. Some liberal theorists have treated their demands for equality as matters of toleration, of securing by law the equal treatment of cultures and conceptions of the good. However, much more is involved. Also at stake are conceptions of identity differences that inform social practices and perpetuate inequalities that are beyond the reach of legislation. This book outlines an alternative approach to a liberal politics of difference. Sybol Anderson begins by constructing a definition of oppression that illuminates, from a liberal perspective, its salient features. Exposing the limits of toleration as a response, Anderson reaches beyond it for a viable concept of recognition. Hegel's theory of recognition proves an indispensable resource in this endeavor. Anderson concludes, contrary to recent critics of Hegelian recognition, that Hegel's theory can successfully guide modern liberal states toward the achievement of social equality.

Collective Identity, Oppression, and the Right to Self-Ascription

By Andrew J. Pierce
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Isbn Code : 0739171917
  • Number of Pages : 140
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 267
  • Pdf File: collective-identity-oppression-and-the-right-to-self-ascription.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Collective Identity, Oppression, and the Right to Self-Ascription argues that groups have an irreducibly collective right to determine the meaning of their shared group identity, and that such a right is especially important for historically oppressed groups. It provides a novel approach to issues of identity politics, group rights, and racial identity, one which combines and develops the insights of contemporary critical theory and race theory, and will thus be of special interest to scholars in these fields.

Equalising Opportunities, Minimising Oppression

By Dylan Tomlinson,Winston Trew
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1134531265
  • Number of Pages : 192
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reviews : 810
  • Pdf File: equalising-opportunities-minimising-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Anti-Racist Practice (ARP), Anti-Discriminatory Practice (ADP) and Anti-Oppressive Practice (AOP) form a trinity of concepts, nested into one another, which have evolved in welfare services over the last fifteen years. They tend to have developed as forms of practice panaceas and as a result have been subject to both unrealistic expectations and, at times, to political ridicule. This book clarifies the distinctions between three key concepts - ARP, ADP and AOP. Critically and constructively analysing these three approaches to practice it reappraises their potential in the light of emerging equality issues in the health service With contributions from leading teachers and practitioners in the field, Equalising Opportunities provides students and practitioners in health and social care with a clear overview of an area where there is much confusion and imperfect understanding.

Nothing About Us Without Us

By James I. Charlton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Isbn Code : 0520925440
  • Number of Pages : 213
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 723
  • Pdf File: nothing-about-us-without-us.pdf

Book Excerpt:

James Charlton has produced a ringing indictment of disability oppression, which, he says, is rooted in degradation, dependency, and powerlessness and is experienced in some form by five hundred million persons throughout the world who have physical, sensory, cognitive, or developmental disabilities. Nothing About Us Without Us is the first book in the literature on disability to provide a theoretical overview of disability oppression that shows its similarities to, and differences from, racism, sexism, and colonialism. Charlton's analysis is illuminated by interviews he conducted over a ten-year period with disability rights activists throughout the Third World, Europe, and the United States. Charlton finds an antidote for dependency and powerlessness in the resistance to disability oppression that is emerging worldwide. His interviews contain striking stories of self-reliance and empowerment evoking the new consciousness of disability rights activists. As a latecomer among the world's liberation movements, the disability rights movement will gain visibility and momentum from Charlton's elucidation of its history and its political philosophy of self-determination, which is captured in the title of his book. Nothing About Us Without Us expresses the conviction of people with disabilities that they know what is best for them. Charlton's combination of personal involvement and theoretical awareness assures greater understanding of the disability rights movement.

Autonomy, Oppression, and Gender

By Andrea Veltman,Mark Piper
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0199969612
  • Number of Pages : 352
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reviews : 948
  • Pdf File: autonomy-oppression-and-gender.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This collection of new essays examines philosophical issues at the intersection of feminism and autonomy studies. Are autonomy and independence useful goals for women and subordinate persons? Is autonomy possible in contexts of social subordination? Is the pursuit of desires that issue from patriarchal norms consistent with autonomous agency? How do emotions and caring relate to autonomous deliberation? Contributors to this collection answer these questions and others, advancing central debates in autonomy theory by examining basic components, normative commitments, and applications of conceptions of autonomy. Several chapters look at the conditions necessary for autonomous agency and at the role that values and norms -- such as independence, equality, inclusivity, self-respect, care and femininity -- play in feminist theories of autonomy. Whereas some contributing authors focus on dimensions of autonomy that are internal to the mind -- such as deliberative reflection, desires, cares, emotions, self-identities and feelings of self-worth -- several authors address social conditions and practices that support or stifle autonomous agency, often answering questions of practical import. These include such questions as: What type of gender socialization best supports autonomous agency and feminist goals? When does adapting to severely oppressive circumstances, such as those in human trafficking, turn into a loss of autonomy? How are ideals of autonomy affected by capitalism? and How do conceptions of autonomy inform issues in bioethics, such as end-of-life decisions, or rights to bodily self-determination?

Poetry and the Language of Oppression

By Carmen Bugan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0192638777
  • Number of Pages : 240
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reviews : 870
  • Pdf File: poetry-and-the-language-of-oppression.pdf

Book Excerpt:

A first-hand account of the creative process that engages with the language of oppression and with politics in our time. How does the poet become attuned to the language of the world's upheaval? How does one talk insightfully about suffering, without creating more of it? What is freedom in language and how does the poet who has endured political oppression write himself or herself free? What is literary testimony? Poetry and the Language of Oppression is a consideration of the creative process that rests on the conviction that poetry is of help in moments of public duress, providing an illumination of life and a healing language. Oppression, repression, expression, as well as their tools (prison, surveillance, gestures in language) have been with us in various forms throughout history, and this volume represents a particular aspect of these conditions of our humanity as they play out in our time, providing another instance of the communion, and sometimes confrontation, with the language that makes us human.