Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics Book

Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics | Download eBook Read Pdf-ePub-Kindle

Read and download full book of Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics by Susan E. Bell,Anne E. Figert in pdf 274 pages, and check also related latest Social Science books similar to Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics from the book list below.

Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics

By Susan E. Bell,Anne E. Figert
  • Writer : Susan E. Bell,Anne E. Figert
  • Isbn : 1317643623
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Number of Pages : 274
  • Category : Social Science
  • Review Counts : 731
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : reimagining.pdf

Summaries of Book :

In recent years medicalization, the process of making something medical, has gained considerable ground and a position in everyday discourse. In this multidisciplinary collection of original essays, the authors expertly consider how issues around medicalization have developed, ways in which it is changing, and the potential shapes it will take in the future. They develop a unique argument that medicalization, biomedicalization, pharmaceuticalization and geneticization are related and co-evolving processes, present throughout the globe. This is an ideal addition to anthropology, sociology and STS courses about medicine and health.

Recommended Books For Reading



Read Also This Books

Breathtaking

By Alison Kenner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Isbn Code : 1452958033
  • Number of Pages : 248
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 678
  • Pdf File: breathtaking.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Analyzing asthma care in the twenty-first century Asthma is not a new problem, but today the disease is being reshaped by changing ecologies, healthcare systems, medical sciences, and built environments. A global epidemic, asthma (and our efforts to control it) demands an analysis attentive to its complexity, its contextual nature, and the care practices that emerge from both. At once clearly written and theoretically insightful, Breathtaking provides a sweeping ethnographic account of asthma’s many dimensions through the lived experiences of people who suffer from disordered breathing, as well as by considering their support networks, from secondary school teachers and coaches, to breathing educators and new smartphone applications designed for asthma control. Against the backdrop of unbreathable environments, Alison Kenner describes five modes of care that illustrate how asthma is addressed across different sociocultural scales. These modes of care often work in combination, building from or preceding one another. Tensions also exist between them, a point reflected by Kenner’s description of the structural conditions and material rhythms that shape everyday breathing, chronic disease, and our surrounding environments. She argues that new modes of distributed, collective care practices are needed to address asthma as a critical public health issue in the time of climate change.

Research Handbook on Socio-Legal Studies of Medicine and Health

By Marie-Andrée Jacob,Anna Kirkland
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Isbn Code : 1786437988
  • Number of Pages : 480
  • Category : Law
  • Reviews : 811
  • Pdf File: research-handbook-on-socio-legal-studies-of-medicine-and-health.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This timely Research Handbook offers significant insights into an understudied subject, bringing together a broad range of socio-legal studies of medicine to help answer complex and interdisciplinary questions about global health – a major challenge of our time.

The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness

By Gregory L. Weiss,Denise Copelton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1000059545
  • Number of Pages : 540
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 217
  • Pdf File: the-sociology-of-health-healing-and-illness.pdf

Book Excerpt:

With thorough coverage of inequality in health care access and practice, this leading textbook has been widely acclaimed by teachers as the most accessible of any available. It introduces and integrates recent research in medical sociology, and emphasizes the importance of race, class, gender, and sexuality throughout. This new edition leads students through the complexities of the evolving Affordable Care Act. It significantly expands coverage of medical technology, end-of-life issues, and alternative and complementary health care—topics that students typically debate in the classroom. Many new text boxes and enhancements in pedagogy grace this new edition, which is essential in the fast-changing area of health care. New to this edition: More text boxes relating the social aspects of medicine to students’ lives. Expanded coverage leading students through the complex impacts of the ACA and health care reform. Greater emphasis on sexual minority health and LGBTQ+ persons’ experiences in the health care system. Expanded coverage of medical technology, end-of-life issues, and alternative and complementary health care. ‘Health and the Internet’ sections are updated and renovated to create more interactive student assignments. New end-of-chapter lists of terms, with key terms as flash cards on the companion website. An updated instructor’s guide, with test bank.

Between Sanity and Madness

By Allan V. Horwitz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0190907886
  • Number of Pages : 320
  • Category : Medical
  • Reviews : 983
  • Pdf File: between-sanity-and-madness.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Between Sanity and Madness: Mental Illness from Ancient Greece to the Neuroscientific Era examines several perennial issues about mental illness: how different societies have distinguished mental disorders from normality; whether mental illnesses are similar to or different from organic conditions; and the ways in which different eras conceive of the causes of mental disorder. It begins with the earliest depictions of mental illness in Ancient Greek literature, philosophy, and medicine and concludes with the portrayals found in modern neuroscience. In contrast to the tremendous advances other branches of medicine display in answering questions about the nature, causes, and treatments of physical diseases, current psychiatric knowledge about what qualities of madness distinguish it from sanity, the resemblance of mental and physical pathologies, and the kinds of factors that lead people to become mentally ill does not show any steady growth or, arguably, much progress. The immense recent technological advances in brain science have not yet led to corresponding improvements in understandings of and explanations for mental illnesses. These perplexing phenomena remain almost as mysterious now as they were millennia ago.

Institutions and Organizations

By Trish Reay,Tammar B. Zilber,Ann Langley,Haridimos Tsoukas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0192581996
  • Number of Pages : 256
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Reviews : 412
  • Pdf File: institutions-and-organizations.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Institutions - the structures, practices, and meanings that define what people and organizations think, do, and aspire to - are created through process. They are 'work in progress' that involves continual efforts to maintain, modify, or disturb them. Institutional logics are also in motion, holding varying degrees of dominance that change over time. This volume brings together two streams of thought within organization theory - institutional theory and process perspective - to advocate for stronger process ontology that highlights institutions as emergent, generative, political, and social. A stronger process view allows us to challenge our understanding of central concepts within institutional theory, such as 'loose coupling', 'institutional work', the work of institutional logics on the ground, and institutionalization between diffusion and translation. Enriched with an emphasis on practice and widened by taking a broad view of institutions, this volume draws on the Ninth International Symposium on Process Organization Studies to offer key insights that will inform our thinking of institutions as processes.

Give and Take

By Nitsan Chorev
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Isbn Code : 069119887X
  • Number of Pages : 312
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 460
  • Pdf File: give-and-take.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Give and Take looks at local drug manufacturing in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, from the early 1980s to the present, to understand the impact of foreign aid on industrial development. While foreign aid has been attacked by critics as wasteful, counterproductive, or exploitative, Nitsan Chorev makes a clear case for the effectiveness of what she terms “developmental foreign aid.” Against the backdrop of Africa’s pursuit of economic self-sufficiency, the battle against AIDS and malaria, and bitter negotiations over affordable drugs, Chorev offers an important corrective to popular views on foreign aid and development. She shows that when foreign aid has provided markets, monitoring, and mentoring, it has supported the emergence and upgrading of local production. In instances where donors were willing to procure local drugs, they created new markets that gave local entrepreneurs an incentive to produce new types of drugs. In turn, when donors enforced exacting standards as a condition to access those markets, they gave these producers an incentive to improve quality standards. And where technical know-how was not readily available and donors provided mentoring, local producers received the guidance necessary for improving production processes. Without losing sight of domestic political-economic conditions, historical legacies, and foreign aid’s own internal contradictions, Give and Take presents groundbreaking insights into the conditions under which foreign aid can be effective.

Medical Stigmata

By Kirk A. Johnson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn Code : 9811329923
  • Number of Pages : 178
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 628
  • Pdf File: medical-stigmata.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book observes the idea of race as a false representation for the cause of disease. Race-based medicine, an emerging field in pharmacology, aims to create a specialty market based on racial groups. Within this market, the drug BiDil set a precedent in this area of medicine targeting African Americans as its first racial group. Consequently, selecting African Americans as a “starter group” led to ethical questions regarding the motive behind race-based medicine within the context of the larger treatment of blacks in American medical history. This book therefore links medicine and American eugenics, examines race-based medicine’s influence on the perception of the black body, traces the influence of BiDil’s approval on the resurgence of race-based medicine, and assesses the black church’s response to race-based medicine using black liberation theology as a means to social justice.

Reconsidering Race

By Kazuko Suzuki,Diego A. von Vacano
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0190465301
  • Number of Pages : 256
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reviews : 659
  • Pdf File: reconsidering-race.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Race is one of the most elusive phenomena of social life. While we generally know it when we see it, it's not an easy concept to define. Social science literature has argued that race is a Western concept that emerged with the birth of modern imperialism, whether in the sixteenth century (the Age of Discovery) or the eighteenth century (the Age of Enlightenment). This book points out that there is a disjuncture between the way race is conceptualized in the social sciences and in recent natural science literature. In the view of some proponents of natural-scientific perspectives, race has a biological- and not just a purely social - dimension. The book argues that, to more fully understand what we mean by race, social scientists need to engage these new perspectives coming from genomics, medicine, and health policy. To be sure, the long, dark shadow of eugenics and the Nazi use of scientific racism cast a pall over the effort to understand the complicated relationship between social science and medical science understandings of race. While this book rejects pseudoscientific and hierarchical ways of looking at race and affirms that it is rooted in social grounds, it makes the claim that it is time to move beyond merely repeating the "race is a social construct" mantra. The chapters in this book consider three fundamental tensions in thinking about race: one between theories that see race as fixed and those that see it as malleable; a second between Western (especially US-based) and non-Western perspectives that decenter the US experience; and a third between sociopolitical and biomedical concepts of race. The book will help shed light on multiple contemporary concerns, such as the place of race in identity formation, ethno- political conflict, immigration policy, social justice, biomedical ethics, and the carceral state.

Sociocultural Examinations of Sports Concussions

By Matt Ventresca,Mary G McDonald
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 0429639856
  • Number of Pages : 198
  • Category : Medical
  • Reviews : 801
  • Pdf File: sociocultural-examinations-of-sports-concussions.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Sport’s "concussion crisis" has been characterized by controversial scientific discoveries, athlete suicides, and high-profile lawsuits involving professional sports leagues, while provoking widespread media coverage, changes to game rules, and debate about the future of many popular sports. Sociocultural Examinations of Sports Concussion is the first edited collection to bring together multiple sociocultural perspectives on sports concussion that interrogate the social, economic, political, and historical forces shaping the cultural impacts of these injuries. Each of the ten chapters moves beyond biomedical or neuroscientific paradigms to critically examine a specific intersection of sociocultural factors influencing public perceptions about concussion or athlete experiences of brain injury. These include analyses of media and advertising, medical treatment and diagnostic protocols, gender and masculinity, developments in equipment and scientific models, economics and labor politics, understandings of trauma and recovery, public health philosophies, and disciplinary differences in framing the ontologies of concussion. Drawing from a wide range of theoretical and methodological approaches, Sociocultural Examinations of Sports Concussion offers a diverse set of analyses examining brain injuries as cultural and embodied phenomena affecting more than just athletes’ brains, but also embedded within and (re)shaping meanings, identities, and social contexts. It is valuable reading for graduate students and researchers interested in the experience and treatment of sports concussion, sports sociology, and sports technology.

Textbook of Global Health

By Anne-Emanuelle Birn,Yogan Pillay,Timothy H. Holtz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0199392307
  • Number of Pages : 560
  • Category : Medical
  • Reviews : 393
  • Pdf File: textbook-of-global-health.pdf

Book Excerpt:

THE CRITICAL WORK IN GLOBAL HEALTH, NOW COMPLETELY REVISED AND UPDATED "This book compels us to better understand the contexts in which health problems emerge and the forces that underlie and propel them." -Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Mpilo Tutu H1N1. Diabetes. Ebola. Zika. Each of these health problems is rooted in a confluence of social, political, economic, and biomedical factors that together inform our understanding of global health. The imperative for those who study global health is to understand these factors individually and, especially, synergistically. Fully revised and updated, this fourth edition of Oxford's Textbook of Global Health offers a critical examination of the array of societal factors that shape health within and across countries, including how health inequities create consequences that must be addressed by public health, international aid, and social and economic policymaking. The text equips students, activists, and health professionals with the building blocks for a contextualized understanding of global health, including essential threads that are combined in no other work: · historical dynamics of the field · the political economy of health and development · analysis of the current global health structure, including its actors, agencies, and activities · societal determinants of health, from global trade and investment treaties to social policies to living and working conditions · the role of health data and measuring health inequities · major causes of global illness and death, including under crises, from a political economy of health vantage point that goes beyond communicable vs. non-communicable diseases to incorporate contexts of social and economic deprivation, work, and globalization · the role of trade/investment and financial liberalization, precarious work, and environmental degradation and contamination · principles of health systems and the politics of health financing · community, national, and transnational social justice approaches to building healthy societies and practicing global health ethically and equitably Through this approach the Textbook of Global Health encourages the reader -- be it student, professional, or advocate -- to embrace a wider view of the global health paradigm, one that draws from political economy considerations at community, national, and transnational levels. It is essential and current reading for anyone working in or around global health.

Genetics, Health, and Society

By Brea L. Perry
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Isbn Code : 1783505680
  • Number of Pages : 336
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 663
  • Pdf File: genetics-health-and-society.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This volume focuses on critical issues surrounding the intersection of genetics, health, and society. It provides a critical examination of sociological and biomedical approaches to genomics, including strengths and limitations of each perspective.

The Zero Trimester

By Miranda R. Waggoner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Isbn Code : 0520963113
  • Number of Pages : 280
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 497
  • Pdf File: the-zero-trimester.pdf

Book Excerpt:

In the United States, a healthy pregnancy is now defined well before pregnancy begins. Public health messages encourage women of reproductive age to anticipate motherhood and prepare their bodies for healthy reproduction—even when pregnancy is not on the horizon. Some experts believe that this pre-pregnancy care model will reduce risk and ensure better birth outcomes than the prenatal care model. Others believe it represents yet another attempt to control women’s bodies. The Zero Trimester explores why the task of perfecting pregnancies now takes up a woman’s entire reproductive life, from menarche to menopause. Miranda R. Waggoner shows how the zero trimester rose alongside shifts in medical and public health priorities, contentious reproductive politics, and the changing realities of women’s lives in the twenty-first century. Waggoner argues that the emergence of the zero trimester is not simply related to medical and health concerns; it also reflects the power of culture and social ideologies to shape both population health imperatives and women’s bodily experiences.

Household Horror

By Marc Olivier
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0253046580
  • Number of Pages : 350
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reviews : 190
  • Pdf File: household-horror.pdf

Book Excerpt:

A scholar examines 14 everyday objects featured in horror films and how they manifest their power and speak to society’s fears. Take a tour of the house where a microwave killed a gremlin, a typewriter made Jack a dull boy, a sewing machine fashioned Carrie’s prom dress, and houseplants might kill you while you sleep. In Household Horror, Marc Olivier highlights the wonder, fear, and terrifying dimension of objects in horror cinema. Inspired by object-oriented ontology and the nonhuman turn in philosophy, Olivier places objects in film on par with humans, arguing, for example, that a sleeper sofa is as much the star of Sisters as Margot Kidder, that The Exorcist is about a possessed bed, and that Rosemary’s Baby is a conflict between herbal shakes and prenatal vitamins. Household Horror reinvigorates horror film criticism by investigating the unfathomable being of objects as seemingly benign as remotes, radiators, refrigerators, and dining tables. Olivier questions what Hitchcock’s Psycho tells us about shower curtains. What can we learn from Freddie Krueger’s greatest accomplice, the mattress? Room by room, Olivier considers the dark side of fourteen household objects to demonstrate how the objects in these films manifest their own power and connect with specific cultural fears and concerns. “Provides a lively and highly original contribution to horror studies. As a work on cinema, it introduces the reader to films that may be less well-known to casual fans and scholars; more conspicuously, it returns to horror staples, gleefully reanimating works that one might otherwise assume had been critically “done to death” (Psycho, The Exorcist, The Shining).” —Allan Cameron, University of Auckland

The Social Causes of Health and Disease

By William C. Cockerham
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Isbn Code : 1509540377
  • Number of Pages : 264
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 869
  • Pdf File: the-social-causes-of-health-and-disease.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This stimulating book has become a go-to text for understanding the role that social factors play in the experience of health and many diseases. This extensively revised and updated third edition offers the most compelling case yet that stress, poverty, unhealthy lifestyles, and unpleasant living and working conditions can all be directly associated with illness. The book continues to build on the paradigm shift that has been emerging in twenty-first-century medical sociology, which looks beyond individual explanations for health and disease. As the field has headed toward a fundamentally different orientation, William Cockerham’s work has been at the forefront of these changes, and he here marshals evidence and theory for those seeking a clear and authoritative guide to the realities of the social determinants of health. Of particular note in the latest edition is new material on the relationship between gender and health, implications of the life course for health behavior, the health effects of social capital, and the emergence of COVID-19. This engaging introduction to social epidemiology will be indispensable reading for all students and scholars of medical sociology, especially those with the courage to confront the possibility that society really does make people sick.

Pseudoscience

By Allison B. Kaufman,James C. Kaufman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Isbn Code : 0262344823
  • Number of Pages : 536
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 947
  • Pdf File: pseudoscience.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Case studies, personal accounts, and analysis show how to recognize and combat pseudoscience in a post-truth world. In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed experts get their expertise from Google, how can the average person distinguish real science from fake? This book examines pseudoscience from a variety of perspectives, through case studies, analysis, and personal accounts that show how to recognize pseudoscience, why it is so widely accepted, and how to advocate for real science. Contributors examine the basics of pseudoscience, including issues of cognitive bias; the costs of pseudoscience, with accounts of naturopathy and logical fallacies in the anti-vaccination movement; perceptions of scientific soundness; the mainstream presence of “integrative medicine,” hypnosis, and parapsychology; and the use of case studies and new media in science advocacy. Contributors David Ball, Paul Joseph Barnett, Jeffrey Beall, Mark Benisz, Fernando Blanco, Ron Dumont, Stacy Ellenberg, Kevin M. Folta, Christopher French, Ashwin Gautam, Dennis M. Gorman, David H. Gorski, David K. Hecht, Britt Marie Hermes, Clyde F. Herreid, Jonathan Howard, Seth C. Kalichman, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Arnold Kozak, Scott O. Lilienfeld, Emilio Lobato, Steven Lynn, Adam Marcus, Helena Matute, Ivan Oransky, Chad Orzel, Dorit Reiss, Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter, Kavin Senapathy, Dean Keith Simonton, Indre Viskontas, John O. Willis, Corrine Zimmerman

Subjects of Substance

By Julian Henneberg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : transcript Verlag
  • Isbn Code : 3839449294
  • Number of Pages : 330
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reviews : 641
  • Pdf File: subjects-of-substance.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Recent U.S. literature has both been informed by, and critically engaged with, materialist conceptions of selfhood. Over the past decades, disciplines like neuroscience and evolutionary biology have increasingly recast the human self as a malleable construct produced by physiological processes. In a parallel development, literary authors have created their own conceptions of somatic subjectivity in conjunction or contrast with scientific and medical discourses. Subjects of Substance examines the forms, functions, and effects of materialist models of mind in selected memoirs and novels. Authors discussed include Michael W. Clune, Don DeLillo, Kay Redfield Jamison, Siri Hustvedt, Richard Powers, Elyn R. Saks, and David Foster Wallace.

Sociology Looking at Disability

By Sara Green,Sharon N. Barnartt
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Isbn Code : 1786354772
  • Number of Pages : 328
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 352
  • Pdf File: sociology-looking-at-disability.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The purpose of this volume is to explore existing literature, with an eye towards encouraging scholars not to ask “the same old” questions but to use older writings as a basis for revolutionary and evolutionary thinking. What do the older writings tell us about what questions we should be asking, and what research we should be doing, today?

Krankheit in Digitalen Spielen

By Arno Görgen,Stefan Heinrich Simond
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : transcript Verlag
  • Isbn Code : 3839453283
  • Number of Pages : 466
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 759
  • Pdf File: krankheit-in-digitalen-spielen.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Krankheit in digitalen Spielen hat viele Facetten - egal ob psychisch oder somatisch. Ihre Darstellung fußt dabei auf Prozessen, die gesellschaftliches Wissen zu Krankheiten aufgreifen und gemäß der Eigenlogik digitaler Spiele verändern. Ästhetik, Narration und Spielmechanik partizipieren so an Kämpfen um Deutungshoheiten zwischen der Tradierung stigmatisierender Krankheitsvorstellungen einerseits und selbstreflexivem Empowerment andererseits. Die Beiträger*innen dieses ersten Sammelbandes zum Thema widmen sich theoretischen, analytischen und praktischen Fragestellungen rund um die Bedeutungsvielfalt von Krankheitskonstruktionen in digitalen Spielen aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive.

Biomedicalization

By Adele E. Clarke,Laura Mamo,Jennifer Ruth Fosket,Jennifer R. Fishman,Janet K. Shim
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0822391252
  • Number of Pages : 512
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 554
  • Pdf File: biomedicalization.pdf

Book Excerpt:

The rise of Western scientific medicine fully established the medical sector of the U.S. political economy by the end of the Second World War, the first “social transformation of American medicine.” Then, in an ongoing process called medicalization, the jurisdiction of medicine began expanding, redefining certain areas once deemed moral, social, or legal problems (such as alcoholism, drug addiction, and obesity) as medical problems. The editors of this important collection argue that since the mid-1980s, dramatic, and especially technoscientific, changes in the constitution, organization, and practices of contemporary biomedicine have coalesced into biomedicalization, the second major transformation of American medicine. This volume offers in-depth analyses and case studies along with the groundbreaking essay in which the editors first elaborated their theory of biomedicalization. Contributors. Natalie Boero, Adele E. Clarke, Jennifer R. Fishman, Jennifer Ruth Fosket, Kelly Joyce, Jonathan Kahn, Laura Mamo, Jackie Orr, Elianne Riska, Janet K. Shim, Sara Shostak

The Medicalization of Society

By Peter Conrad
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Isbn Code : 0801892341
  • Number of Pages : 224
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 981
  • Pdf File: the-medicalization-of-society.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This thought-provoking study offers valuable insight into not only how medicalization got to this point but how it may continue to evolve.

Biosocialities, Genetics and the Social Sciences

By Sahra Gibbon,Carlos Novas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1134144725
  • Number of Pages : 208
  • Category : Health & Fitness
  • Reviews : 846
  • Pdf File: biosocialities-genetics-and-the-social-sciences.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Biosocialities, Genetics and the Social Sciences explores the social, cultural and economic transformations that result from innovations in genomic knowledge and technology. This pioneering collection uses Paul Rabinow’s concept of biosociality to chart the shifts in social relations and ideas about nature, biology and identity brought about by developments in biomedicine. Based on new empirical research, it contains chapters on genomic research into embryonic stem cell therapy, breast cancer, autism, Parkinson’s and IVF treatment, as well as on the expectations and education surrounding genomic research. It covers four main themes: novel modes of identity and identification, such as genetic citizenship the role of institutions, ranging from disease advocacy organizations and voluntary organizations to the state the production of biological knowledge, novel life-forms, and technologies the generation of wealth and commercial interests in biology. Including an afterword by Paul Rabinow and case studies on the UK, US, Canada, Germany, India and Israel, this book is key reading for students and researchers of the new genetics and the social sciences – particularly medical sociologists, medical anthropologists and those involved with science and technology studies.

Reimagining Global Health

By Paul Farmer,Arthur Kleinman,Jim Kim,Matthew Basilico
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Isbn Code : 0520954637
  • Number of Pages : 508
  • Category : Medical
  • Reviews : 439
  • Pdf File: reimagining-global-health.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Mountains Beyond Mountains

By Tracy Kidder
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Isbn Code : 1588363341
  • Number of Pages : 336
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reviews : 851
  • Pdf File: mountains-beyond-mountains.pdf

Book Excerpt:

“[A] masterpiece . . . an astonishing book that will leave you questioning your own life and political views . . . Kidder opens a window into Farmer’s soul, letting the reader peek in and see what truly makes the good doctor tick.”—Nicholas Thomas, USA Today In medical school, Paul Farmer found his life’s calling: to cure infectious diseases and to bring the lifesaving tools of modern medicine to those who need them most. Tracy Kidder’s magnificent account shows how one person can make a difference in solving global health problems through a clear-eyed understanding of the interaction of politics, wealth, social systems, and disease. Profound and powerful, Mountains Beyond Mountains takes us from Harvard to Haiti, Peru, Cuba, and Russia as Farmer changes people’s minds through his dedication to the philosophy that “the only real nation is humanity.” Praise for Mountains Beyond Mountains “A true-to-life fairy tale, one that inspires you to believe in happy endings . . . Its stark sense of reality comes as much from the grit between the pages as from the pure gold those pages spin.”—Laura Claridge, Boston Sunday Globe “Stunning . . . Mountains Beyond Mountains will move you, restore your faith in the ability of one person to make a difference in these increasingly maddening, dispiriting times.”—John Wilkens, The San Diego Union-Tribune “Easily the most fascinating, most entertaining and, yes, most inspiring work of nonfiction I’ve read this year.”—Charles Matthews, San Jose Mercury News “It’ll fill you equally with wonder and hope.”—Cathy Burke, People “In this excellent work, Pulitzer Prize-winner Kidder immerses himself in and beautifully explores the rich drama that exists in the life of Dr. Paul Farmer. . . . Throughout, Kidder captures the almost saintly effect Farmer has on those whom he treats.”—Publisher’s Weekly (starred review) “[A] skilled and graceful exploration of the soul of an astonishing human being.”—Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

Making Health Public

By Charles L. Briggs,Daniel C. Hallin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn Code : 1317329872
  • Number of Pages : 258
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 975
  • Pdf File: making-health-public.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This book examines the relationship between media and medicine, considering the fundamental role of news coverage in constructing wider cultural understandings of health and disease. The authors advance the notion of ‘biomediatization’ and demonstrate how health knowledge is co-produced through connections between dispersed sites and forms of expertise. The chapters offer an innovative combination of media content analysis and ethnographic data on the production and circulation of health news, drawing on work with journalists, clinicians, health officials, medical researchers, marketers, and audiences. The volume provides students and scholars with unique insight into the significance and complexity of what health news does and how it is created.

Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility

By Wael Al-Delaimy,Veerabhadran Ramanathan,Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Isbn Code : 3030311252
  • Number of Pages : 417
  • Category : Medical
  • Reviews : 498
  • Pdf File: health-of-people-health-of-planet-and-our-responsibility.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions. The challenges described include air pollution, climate change, extreme weather, and related health impacts that range from heat stress, vector-borne diseases, food and water insecurity and chronic diseases to malnutrition and mental well-being. The influence of humans on climate change has been established through extensive published evidence and reports. However, the connections between climate change, the health of the planet and the impact on human health have not received the same level of attention. Therefore, the global focus on the public health impacts of climate change is a relatively recent area of interest. This focus is timely since scientists have concluded that changes in climate have led to new weather extremes such as floods, storms, heat waves, droughts and fires, in turn leading to more than 600,000 deaths and the displacement of nearly 4 billion people in the last 20 years. Previous work on the health impacts of climate change was limited mostly to epidemiologic approaches and outcomes and focused less on multidisciplinary, multi-faceted collaborations between physical scientists, public health researchers and policy makers. Further, there was little attention paid to faith-based and ethical approaches to the problem. The solutions and actions we explore in this book engage diverse sectors of civil society, faith leadership, and political leadership, all oriented by ethics, advocacy, and policy with a special focus on poor and vulnerable populations. The book highlights areas we think will resonate broadly with the public, faith leaders, researchers and students across disciplines including the humanities, and policy makers.

Open to Disruption

By Anita Ilta Garey,Rosanna Hertz,Margaret K. Nelson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vanderbilt University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0826502903
  • Number of Pages : 288
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 559
  • Pdf File: open-to-disruption.pdf

Book Excerpt:

At a time when an emphasis on productivity in higher education threatens to undermine well-crafted research, these highly reflexive essays capture the sometimes profound intellectual effects that may accompany disrupted scholarship. They reveal that over long periods of time relationships with people studied invariably change, sometimes in dramatic ways. They illustrate how world events such as 9/11 and economic cycles impact individual biographies. Some researchers describe how disruptions prompted them to expand the boundaries of their discipline and invent concepts that could more accurately describe phenomena that previously had no name and no scholarly history. Sometimes scholars themselves caused the disruption as they circled back to work they had considered "done" and allowed the possibility of rethinking earlier findings.

Postgenomics

By Sarah S. Richardson,Hallam Stevens
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0822375443
  • Number of Pages : 304
  • Category : Science
  • Reviews : 797
  • Pdf File: postgenomics.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Ten years after the Human Genome Project’s completion the life sciences stand in a moment of uncertainty, transition, and contestation. The postgenomic era has seen rapid shifts in research methodology, funding, scientific labor, and disciplinary structures. Postgenomics is transforming our understanding of disease and health, our environment, and the categories of race, class, and gender. At the same time, the gene retains its centrality and power in biological and popular discourse. The contributors to Postgenomics analyze these ruptures and continuities and place them in historical, social, and political context. Postgenomics, they argue, forces a rethinking of the genome itself, and opens new territory for conversations between the social sciences, humanities, and life sciences. Contributors. Russ Altman, Rachel A. Ankeny, Catherine Bliss, John Dupré, Michael Fortun, Evelyn Fox Keller, Sabina Leonelli, Adrian Mackenzie, Margot Moinester, Aaron Panofsky, Sarah S. Richardson, Sara Shostak, Hallam Stevens

Unfinished

By João Biehl,Peter Locke
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0822372452
  • Number of Pages : 400
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 676
  • Pdf File: unfinished.pdf

Book Excerpt:

This original, field-changing collection explores the plasticity and unfinishedness of human subjects and lifeworlds, advancing the conceptual terrain of an anthropology of becoming. People's becomings trouble and exceed ways of knowing and acting, producing new possibilities for research, methodology, and writing. The contributors creatively bridge ethnography and critical theory in a range of worlds on the edge, from war and its aftermath, economic transformation, racial inequality, and gun violence to religiosity, therapeutic markets, animal rights activism, and abrupt environmental change. Defying totalizing analytical schemes, these visionary essays articulate a human science of the uncertain and unknown and restore a sense of movement and possibility to ethics and political practice. Unfinished invites readers to consider the array of affects, ideas, forces, and objects that shape contemporary modes of existence and future horizons, opening new channels for critical thought and creative expression. Contributors. Lucas Bessire, João Biehl, Naisargi N. Dave, Elizabeth A. Davis, Michael M. J. Fischer, Angela Garcia, Peter Locke, Adriana Petryna, Bridget Purcell, Laurence Ralph, Lilia M. Schwarcz

Global Pharmaceuticals

By Adriana Petryna,Arthur Kleinman,Andrew Lakoff
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Isbn Code : 0822387913
  • Number of Pages : 312
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Reviews : 962
  • Pdf File: global-pharmaceuticals.pdf

Book Excerpt:

In some parts of the world spending on pharmaceuticals is astronomical. In others people do not have access to basic or life-saving drugs. Individuals struggle to afford medications; whole populations are neglected, considered too poor to constitute profitable markets for the development and distribution of necessary drugs. The ethnographies brought together in this timely collection analyze both the dynamics of the burgeoning international pharmaceutical trade and the global inequalities that emerge from and are reinforced by market-driven medicine. They demonstrate that questions about who will be treated and who will not filter through every phase of pharmaceutical production, from preclinical research to human testing, marketing, distribution, prescription, and consumption. Whether considering how American drug companies seek to create a market for antidepressants in Japan, how Brazil has created a model HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment program, or how the urban poor in Delhi understand and access healthcare, these essays illuminate the roles of corporations, governments, NGOs, and individuals in relation to global pharmaceuticals. Some essays show how individual and communal identities are affected by the marketing and availability of medications. Among these are an exploration of how the pharmaceutical industry shapes popular and expert understandings of mental illness in North America and Great Britain. There is also an examination of the agonizing choices facing Ugandan families trying to finance AIDS treatment. Several essays explore the inner workings of the emerging international pharmaceutical regime. One looks at the expanding quest for clinical research subjects; another at the entwining of science and business interests in the Argentine market for psychotropic medications. By bringing the moral calculations involved in the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals into stark relief, this collection charts urgent new territory for social scientific research. Contributors. Kalman Applbaum, João Biehl, Ranendra K. Das, Veena Das, David Healy, Arthur Kleinman, Betty Kyaddondo, Andrew Lakoff, Anne Lovell, Lotte Meinert, Adriana Petryna, Michael A. Whyte, Susan Reynolds Whyte

Care Home Stories

By Sally Chivers,Ulla Kriebernegg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : transcript Verlag
  • Isbn Code : 3839438055
  • Number of Pages : 310
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reviews : 456
  • Pdf File: care-home-stories.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Institutional care for seniors offers a cultural repository for fears and hopes about an aging population. Although enormous changes have occurred in how institutional care is structured, the legacies of the poorhouse still persist, creating panicked views of the nursing home as a dreaded fate. The paradoxical nature of a space meant to be both hospital and home offers up critical tensions for examination by age studies scholars. The essays in this book challenge stereotypes of institutional care for older adults, illustrate the changes that have occurred over time, and illuminate the continuities in the stories we tell about nursing homes.

Sex, Lies, and Pharmaceuticals

By Ray Moynihan,Barbara Mintzes
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Greystone Books
  • Isbn Code : 1553656520
  • Number of Pages : 272
  • Category : Health & Fitness
  • Reviews : 961
  • Pdf File: sex-lies-and-pharmaceuticals.pdf

Book Excerpt:

Against a backdrop of virtual intercourse, online porn, and burgeoning Viagra sales, Sex, Lies, and Pharmaceuticals reveals how women’s sexual difficulties are being repackaged as symptoms of a new disorder. In this compelling book, award-winning journalist Ray Moynihan teams up with drug assessment specialist Barbara Mintzes to investigate the creation of female sexual dysfunction or FSD, and the marketing machine that promises to "cure" it. The authors go inside the corridors of medical power to visit drug company–sponsored scientific meetings and medical education events where doctors are being trained to see women’s sexual problems as the symptoms of FSD — a pharmaceutically treatable condition. Moynihan and Mintzes explore the underlying causes of sexual dissatisfaction among women and expose how global drug companies exploit those problems in an attempt to create the next billion dollar disease.